But how do you arrive at that problem of practice and narrow your area of interest down into a specific dissertation topic?
It should basically be straightforward and dry, containing no interpretation of the mentioned data, no detailed meaning of the found results or the methods by which they were obtained.
An in-depth view of those should be found in other sections of your work, like Discussion and Methodology. Starting out Organizing the information you have should be the first step toward writing a proper Results section.
Knowing what parts of the collected data are important to the overall discussion and which are not so important is a crucial step you must take, as everything in the Results section should be directly linked to the main question at the base of your research.
Taking the time to properly sort your data is also important because the most relevant pieces of information need to take priority in your Results section, so a first step would be properly organizing all available information.
What needs to be included in the Results section Due to the risk of overwhelming the reader with too many numbers and statistics, your dissertation rarely needs to include pure unedited data.
Also, remember that this goes both ways, as it is your obligation to present both data supporting your views on the matter and data that contradicts your point.
Order now Organizing your data Making your Results section easy to read is the most important part. There is a lot of information that needs to be crammed into a relatively small space, with the help of a few graphics and quotes. Adding subheadings that help Your dissertation your information around certain general themes or ideas can help a reader browse quickly through the entire paper.
If surveys are a part of your research, for example, subheadings related to specific sample groups could be grouped together. Or if your main hypothesis is divided into different parts, your results sections could be organized in such a way that each result addresses a different part specifically.
Usually tables and figures dictate subheadings usage. Your results section should list its most relevant and significant findings first, leaving the less relevant ones closer to the end, no matter what the subheadings are. The main reason for it is that people reading the work will more often than not have a brief look at the paper, quickly browsing for the main parts instead of reading it in its entirety.
So having the most important results first is a way to make sure most readers will at least take away the most important points of your dissertation. Each part should start with describing the sample, along with its size and a clear reason for either missing or excluded pieces of information.
Then, relevant descriptive statistics like range, frequency, mean, median or others should be included, and after that, you should detail any performed statistical analyses such as tests, ANOVA, etc.
If you included a qualitative study, it should be backed up with relevant information like quotes that will prove vital in the overall discussion. Tables Tables are, essentially, lists organized in rows and columns that outlay numerical values, and they are widely used to help the reader process and understand certain derived pieces of data.
A table should be used if the author has more information than a simple text would be able to properly cover. So for example, if the data you need to submit can fit in less than a space of three columns and three rows, it would be recommended that you present it as text.
Figures Figures can mean any pictures, charts, maps, graphs or any kind of illustrations that you want to include in the Results section. Every figure should come with a brief description below it. A photo, for example, should come with the reason why it is there, as well as its source.
The most common figures in the Results section are, without a doubt, graphs, as they do a good job in showing connections between data. Although the choice of using tables or figures is up to the author, a good general recommendation is not using tables when trying to prove a connection between certain groups of values.
If you are writing a paper dedicated to a specific treatment, tables would be used to discuss its cumulative effects, while figures would be used to show each treatment effect variation week by week.
Also, avoid adding the same data more than once; this should help keep the Results section brief. Graphics formatting is also important. Rules for formatting tables and figures vary with each style guide; however, generally, tables have their name and number posted above them and any notes explaining them underneath.
Writing tips The writing in the results section should be kept as simple as possible. If however, an unusual statistical method or model is used, its explanation should be included in the Methodology section.Writing a dissertation or thesis is a challenging procedure under any conditions.
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