Rachel Carson Prize Carson Prize: We found Life Support to be exemplary across all three of these criteria.
It was the United States federal government's gypsy moth eradication program, however, that prompted Carson to devote her research, and her next book, to pesticides and environmental poisons.
The gypsy moth program involved aerial spraying of DDT and other pesticides mixed with fuel oilincluding the spraying of private land. Landowners on Long Island filed a lawsuit to have the spraying stopped, and many in affected regions followed the case closely.
She also attempted to enlist others to join the cause: Whiteand a number of journalists and scientists. ByCarson had arranged a book deal, with plans to co-write with Newsweek science journalist Edwin Diamond.
However, when The New Yorker commissioned a long and well-paid article on the topic from Carson, she began considering writing more than simply the introduction and conclusion as planned; soon it was a solo project.
Diamond would later write one of the harshest critiques of Silent Spring. From reading the scientific literature and interviewing scientists, Carson found two scientific camps when it came to pesticides: Ehrenfried Pfeiffer, other contacts, and their suite of legal actions against the U.
Marjorie Spock and Mary T. They compiled their evidence and shared it with Carson, who used it, their extensive contacts, and the trial transcripts, as a primary input for Silent Spring.
Carson attended the ensuing FDA hearings on revising pesticide regulations; she came away discouraged by the aggressive tactics of the chemical industry representatives, which included expert testimony that was firmly contradicted by the bulk of the scientific literature she had been studying.
She also wondered about the possible "financial inducements behind certain pesticide programs. Of particular significance was the work of National Cancer Institute researcher and environmental cancer section founding director Wilhelm Hueperwho classified many pesticides as carcinogens.
Carson and her research assistant Jeanne Davis, with the help of NIH librarian Dorothy Algire, found evidence to support the pesticide-cancer connection; to Carson the evidence for the toxicity of a wide array of synthetic pesticides was clear-cut, though such conclusions were very controversial beyond the small community of scientists studying pesticide carcinogenesis.
In addition to the thorough literature search, she had investigated hundreds of individual incidents of pesticide exposure and the human sickness and ecological damage that resulted. However, in January, a duodenal ulcer followed by several infections kept her bedridden for weeks, greatly delaying the completion of Silent Spring.
As she was nearing full recovery in March just as she was completing drafts of the two cancer chapters of her bookshe discovered cysts in her left breast, one of which necessitated a mastectomy. Though her doctor described the procedure as precautionary and recommended no further treatment, by December Carson discovered that the tumor was malignant and the cancer had metastasized.
However, further health troubles slowed the final revisions in and early By AugustCarson finally agreed to the suggestion of her literary agent Marie Rodell: Silent Spring would be a metaphorical title for the entire book, suggesting a bleak future for the whole natural world, rather than a literal chapter title about the absence of birdsong.About Rachel Carson: Rachel Louise Carson (May 27, – April 14, ) was an American marine biologist and conservationist whose book Silent Spring a 4/5(K).
The American Society for Environmental History (ASEH) (Alice Hamilton Prize), and best dissertation in environmental history (Rachel Carson Prize).
Every two years, they recognize outstanding service and achievement by awarding the Distinguished Scholar Award, Distinguished Service Award, Public Outreach Project Award, Distinguished Career. Gregory Rosenthal, ’ Gregory Rosenthal, who earned his PhD in History from Stony Brook University in , has been awarded the Rachel Carson Prize for Best Dissertation from the American Society for Environmental History (ASEH).
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Rachel Carson Prize for Best Dissertation in Environmental History (U.S. or World), American Society for Environmental History Publications Book: The Frontier of Leisure: Southern California and the Shaping of Modern America. New York: Oxford University Press, August Revised paperback edition released March The Billington Prize is a biennial award for the best book about American frontier history, which is defined broadly to include the pioneer periods of all geographical areas, and comparisons between American frontiers and others.