Provided that the commissioner may in his discretion permit any party to put a question to any other party or any witness. By way of summary I think I can do no better than to quote liberally from the recommendations of the Commission that informed the enactment of the SCCA. That it is permissible to take notice of the report of a judicial commission of enquiry for the limited purpose of ascertaining, inter alia, the factors that informed the statutory enactment under consideration is now settled and desires its authority from judgments of our courts that have proclaimed this principle.
Period of Revelation The consensus of opinion is that it was sent down after the Campaign against Bani al-Mustaliq and this is confirmed by vv. But there is a difference of opinion as to whether this Campaign took place in 5 A.
It is important to decide this issue in order to determine whether this Surah was sent down earlier or Surah Al- Ahzab XXXIIIwhich is the only other Surah containing the Commandments about the observance of purdah by women.
Surah Al-Ahzab was admittedly sent down on the occasion of the Battle of the Trench. Now if this Battle occurred earlier, it would mean that the initial instructions in connection with the Commandments of purdah were sent down in Surah Al-Ahzab and they were complemented later by the Commandments revealed in this Surah.
On the other hand, if the Campaign against Bani al-Mustaliq occurred earlier, the chronological order of the Commandments would be reversed, and it would become difficult to understand the legal wisdom and implications of the Commandments of purdah.
It is, therefore, evident that he could not be present in 6 A.
This opinion is supported by many authentic traditions from Hadrat Ayesha and others. All this evidence supports the view of Muhammad bin Ishaq.
Now let us consider the two opinions a little more closely. It may, therefore, be assumed that there has been some confusion regarding the two names in reporting the traditions.
That is why Ibn Hazm, Ibn Qayyim and some other eminent scholars have held the opinion of Muhammad bin Ishaq as correct, and we also hold it to be so. Historical Background Now let us review the circumstances existing at the time of the revelation of this surah.
It should be kept in mind that the incident of the "Slander", which was the occasion of its revelation, was closely connected with the conflict between Islam and the disbelievers.
After the victory at Badr, the Islamic movement began to gain strength day by day; so much so that by the time of the Battle of the Trench, it had become so strong that the united forces of the enemy numbering about ten thousand failed to crush it and had to raise the siege of Al Madinah after one month.
It meant this, and both the parties understood it well, that the war of aggression which the Disbelievers had been waging for several years, had come to an end. The Holy Prophet himself declared: It cannot be said with certainty whether this Change of tactics was the outcome of deliberate consultations, or it was the inevitable result of the humiliating retreat in the Battle of the Trench, for which all the available forces of the enemy had been concentrated: They knew it well that the rise of Islam was nor due to the numerical strength of the Muslims nor to their superior arms and ammunition nor to their greater material resources; nay, the Muslims were fighting against fearful odds on all these fronts.
They owed their success to their moral superiority. Their enemies realized that the pure and noble qualities of the Holy Prophet and his followers were capturing the hearts of the people, and were also binding them together into a highly disciplined community.
As a result of this, they were defeating the mushriks and the Jews both on the peace and on the war front, because the latter lacked discipline and character. Under the above mentioned circumstances, the wicked designs of the disbelievers led them to start a campaign of vilification against the Holy Prophet and the Muslims in order to destroy the bulwark of morale that was helping them to defeat their enemies.
Therefore the strategy was to attain the assistance of the hypocrites to spread slanders against the Holy Prophet and his followers so that the mushriks and the Jews could exploit these to sow the seeds of discord among the Muslims and undermine their discipline.
The hypocrites, however, considered it a golden opportunity to vilify the Holy Prophet from inside the community, and the Jews and the mushriks exploited it from outside to ruin his high reputation by this malicious slander.
For this purpose fantastic stories were concocted and spread to this effect:The God Is Evil trope as used in popular culture. This trope comes into play when the supreme deity of a given setting is not just a mere jerkass — he/ . Cliches and expressions give us many wonderful figures of speech and words in the English language, as they evolve via use and mis-use alike.
Many cliches and expressions - and words - have fascinating and surprising origins, and many popular assumptions about meanings and derivations are mistaken.
Over the years, I’ve worked long-term with a number of clients who presented as borderline personality disorder symptoms, and also short-term (i.e., unsuccessfully) with many more.
My insights about working with borderline personality disorder -- with clients as well as managing the volatile and difficult man who lives inside me. Alexa Person is an Alchemist, Texas-based author and lecturer.
Alexa is committed to shifting individuals into higher alignment of sovereign divine balance ~ . Apartheid (South African English: / ə ˈ p ɑːr t eɪ d /; Afrikaans: [aˈpartɦəit], lit.
"separateness") was a system of institutionalised racial segregation that existed in South Africa from to Apartheid was characterised by an authoritarian political culture based on baasskap (or white supremacy), which encouraged state repression of Black African, Coloured, and Asian South.