Term Paper on Sociolinguistics: Sociolinguistics is the branch of linguistics which studies the relation between a language and the environment of its use. Sociolinguistics is closely connected with such disciplines as ethno linguistics and psycholinguistics, because it studies the usage of the language on the certain territory and by the definite circle of people.
Linguistics It is the geographical boundary or delineation of a certain linguistic feature, e. Essays about sociolinguistics dialects are typically demarcated by whole bundles of isoglosses, e. One of the most well-known isoglosses is the Centum-Satem isogloss.
We will write a custom essay sample on Sociolinguistics or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not Waste HIRE WRITER A major isogloss in American English has been identified as the North-Midland isogloss, which demarcates numerous linguistic features, including the Northern Cities vowel shift, the isogloss separates rather than connects points of equal language.
An isogloss refers to a specific type of language border.
It is the geographical boundary or delineation of a certain linguistic feature, e. Such a feature phonological, morphological, syntactic, semantic, lexical, or other usually contrasts with some similar feature in adjoining areas.
Such distinct areas are isoglosses. More commonly, the line on a dialect map which bounds the area of a certain usage. No two isoglosses coincide exactly; there is always a transition area of partial overlapping. In many localities, dialectal differences are connected with social classes, educational levels, or both.
More-highly educated speakers and, often, those belonging to a higher social class tend to use more features belonging to the standard language, whereas the original dialect of the region is better preserved in the speech of the lower and less-educated classes. In large urban centres, innovations unknown in the former dialect of the region frequently develop.
Thus, in cities the social stratification of dialects is especially relevant and far-reaching, whereas in rural areas, with a conservative way of life, the traditional geographic dialectal differentiation prevails.
Educational differences between speakers strongly affect the extent of their vocabulary. In addition, practically every profession has its own expressions, which include the technical terminology and sometimes also the casual words or idioms peculiar to the group.
Slang—just as a professional dialect—is used mainly by persons who are in a sense bidialectal; i. Dialectal differences also often run parallel with the religious or racial division of the population.
It may include non-standard pronunciation, grammar, resonance, pitch, rate of speech, and differences in vocabulary. A few examples of regional dialects include the New York and Southern American dialects.
A regional language is a language spoken in an area of a nation state, whether it be a small area, a federal state or province, or some wider area. Usually applies to the vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation characteristic of specific geographic localities or social classes.
The vernacular is the informal everyday language spoken by a people. A dialect is distinguished by its vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation phonology, including prosody.
A regional dialect is not a distinct language but a variety of a language spoken in a particular area of a country.
Some regional dialects have been given traditional names which mark them out as being significantly different from standard varieties spoken in the same place.
A standard language also standard dialect, standardized dialect, or standardised dialect is a particular variety of a language that has been given either legal or quasi-legal status. Usually, but not always, based on the tongue of a capital city, a standard language is defined by the selection of certain regional and class markers, and the rejection of others.
This is the version of a language that is typically taught to learners of the language as a foreign language, and most texts written in that language follow its spelling and grammar norms.
The ways in which this language is used—e. The social prestige attached to the speech of the richest, most powerful, and most highly educated members of a society transforms their language into a model for others; it also contributes to the elimination of deviating linguistic forms.
Dictionaries and grammars help to stabilize linguistic norms, as do the activity of scholarly institutions and, sometimes, governmental intervention.Free Essay: Irving and I sit across from each other at a vintage `60's Formica table, my trusty recorder in hand.
He is a black male in his mid 20's who grew. Sociolinguistics: Sociolinguistics is the study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and the effects of language use on society.
Sociolinguistics is the branch of linguistics which studies the relation between a language and the environment of its use.
Sociolinguistics is closely connected with such disciplines as ethno linguistics and psycholinguistics, because it studies the usage of the language on the certain territory and by the definite circle of people.
Short Essay Questions. General Instructions. Answer each prompt below with a precise answer of no less than one page and no more than two pages.
Sociolinguistics Alan R. Macedo MA – TEFL/TESL Program University of Birmingham, England Module 6 – May 31st 2 Introduction Because of the increasing usage of the English language at the global level, its divergence has manifested an interest in many kinds of English language teaching and.
Discourse analysis (DA), or discourse studies, is a general term for a number of approaches to analyze written, vocal, or sign language use, or any significant semiotic event. The objects of discourse analysis (discourse, writing, conversation, communicative event) are variously defined in terms of coherent sequences of .